HTML & CSS
I've seen people center various elements (mainly divs) using two syntaxes:
Which way is the better way?
It honestly doesn't matter. In the specs, it's specified that if "auto" is the value for top/bottom margin it automatically becomes 0. So it's just easier to type margin:0 auto;.
When you say margin:auto auto;, that can be shortened to margin:auto; (one value for margin specifies that value for all 4. top, right, bottom, left)
So will that vertically center the element as well? (as it has margins for all 4?)
If only it were that simple :). Vertical centering with CSS isn't as easy as setting vertical margins. There are a variety of other ways to do it however. Such as display:inline-block, display:table-cell (and the actual <table> HTML), and some mix of position:absolute trickery.
The display:table-cell isn't usable much right now due to IE7 still being here (though if you don't care about that, by all means use it). I prefer to use display:inline-block (and advocate it over table-cell for now, until IE7 dies).
Well logically, if we have a defined height auto margins should be the way to go?
Is it because it's usually a bad idea to have a defined height?
Vertical auto margins are automatically calculated to 0 when set. You simply can't center vertically using that method. Logically it should work because of it working with width, but it doesn't work like that :).
It's bad to have a defined height (in most cases, aka content) but that's not why you shouldn't resort to auto margins for vertical centering . They just don't work!
Gotcha. I can't foresee many times when I would have to vertically center...maybe in table cells, but it seems to be done automatically anyways (at least for TH tags).
This topic is now closed. New replies are no longer allowed.