views and joins can't be compared as they are very different things
(ie you could have join inside a view)
A View is like your MS Access Query
it will spit out results such as
"Give me the names of everyone older than 30 that plays tennis" say
The different between a VIEW and a Stored Procedure
is that a View will only use the "SELECT" statement
you can't update or delete records with a View
(very simplistic answer there are other differences too)
Now join is a different thing all together
its a function used in a SQL Statement
SELECT blah blah FROM tblBlog, tblBlig WHERE .. .. etc INNER JOIN
(reason I am not giving you a more readable code is because I never user JOINS in any of my queries so I forgot the syntax! )
dbo is standard for database object.
much like you have say an Excel object
excel.application.forms .. etc
its just their standard object model.
the hierarchy can go even higher levels
something loosely like:
try and see what happens when you ommit dbo on your queries.
you still get the same result.